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Transport has become an integral part of modern society. Without it, it is impossible to imagine our life. For centuries, huge distances on land — were an insurmountable obstacle to humans. The exception can be considered oceanic expanses, which were difficult to cross. It was necessary to have the latest and durable ships, which only improved over time. And then, then the railway transport appeared. And only, in the 20th century, aviation transport was created.
A man finally conquered the heavenly expanses of our planet called Earth. Now it is unthinkable to live without aviation transport. Thanks to him, people in a matter of hours can cross thousands of distances between cities, countries and continents. If aviation disappears at least a moment, then many parts of the Earth, will again become unattainable for a person. Some railways are very expensive, costly, and sometimes it is impossible to tie different ends of the world.
And what to hide, aviation transport is recognized as the safest mode of transport. All this is built from the average indicator. Of course, it has certain risks, but those used in aviation technologies spent over the years — make it the least dangerous type of transport to move a large number of people. Under technology, I mean that pilots in aviation prepare for more than one year and their training is constantly, besides with simulators. They work out all sorts of abnormal situations on them, so when they sit at the real steering wheel of the aircraft, then already on the «automatic» know what to do and what to do in one situation or another.
By the way, the production of aircraft uses the most advanced technologies. If in the automotive, the internal combustion engine has not undergone large cardinal changes over the last century, then the jet engine has changed very much. Those engines that were used on the first aircraft with reactive engines — differ significantly from modern. Nevertheless, there are a large number of people who are afraid to fly on airplanes. But if they explain the principle of flight of the aircraft, then they may change their opinion on the safety of the flight on this type of transport.
It should be understood that the plane is not just flies through the air. If a car, with a breakdown of some desired part or a breakthrough of the same wheels — risks to get into an unpleasant situation. That with a plane is not so simple. Of course, breakdown of the engine of the car with direct ride — does not mean that the unpleasant situation is inevitable, no. But the airplane is the same. When breakdown in one of the engines — the plane, in general, can continue the flight further. The most important thing for him is to preserve the integrity of its wings and keel, which create lifting force and make it possible to maneuver. By the way, these carrier parts of the aircraft will not be able to destroy even the explosion of the engine or its full combustion, because the engines and the aircraft housing itself are tested for a long time and test, before putting into serial production.
By the way, if nevertheless, both engines were refused, then nothing is lost in principle. Of course, the power system and all kinds of drives are tied to the engine. But here, the creators of the winged cars — provided for everything that is necessary in such a situation. There are duplicate drives and power supply systems in the aircraft. In the extreme case, there are completely manual systems, even those that lead the same chassis in the landing position. So that you do not need to be afraid if there is a light on the plane or oxygen masks fall out. Everything is fine. The most important thing as I said is preserving the integrity of the wings, keel and fuselage.
But all, suddenly refused both engine. It is not necessary to worry here in principle, especially if the plane is on the echelon, that is, at high altitude. Airplanes fly at an altitude of up to 10-11 km. Therefore, being at an altitude, even 3-5 km from the crew will be enough time to contact dispatchers near the nearest airports, airfields to report a problem and request permission to emergency landing. You can, in general, put a plane into a clean field, if the crew is exactly sure that there will be no abnormal situation and the destruction of the carriers and the fuselage with the subsequent fire.
It is necessary to understand that the plane, even if the refusal of both engines is to fly forward, simply loses at an altitude of about one and a half kilometers in height for every 16 km of way. Simply put, the plane plans like the same paper airplane that each of us launched in our childhood. If the engines denied an altitude of 6 km, then the plane will take about 60-70 km of the path. This time is abused for making any decision. If the means of communication do not work, that is, duplicate communication systems and emergency lighthouses. In general, you should not worry, sitting on board the aircraft. There are evidence that Sadili aircraft even on the water, as it was in New York in 2009.
And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.