What did the Soviet cosmonautics reached during its undisputed leadership


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The topic of cosmonautics will never lose relevance, since humanity rushed to the knowledge of the stars since the deepest antiquity. In the future, the pace of development of outer space will only increase as new discoveries in the field of rocketism, metals and alloys, microelectronics and medicine. And the matter, even, is not that mankind needs to be prepared for the patient colonization of nearby planets or star systems and leaving the Earth.

The fact is that space needs to be mastered because you need to look for new energy resources. That’s all. And the fact that in the future will need to leave the earth, when the sun is spent its fuel supply — this is such a long-distance perspective that so far there is no speech about her.

We also care the following. What place in the development of outer space Russia will take. Many people have a bad opinion about the modern Russian cosmonautics, arguing that it is in decline, and the case in it is not reaching the promises about tomorrow’s zenith and upcoming victories. Many projects were closed or received financing — successfully unrealized. The main question: «Where is the money?» — It remains open.

But if you look, we can see that the last 5 years in our cosmonautics went serious advances and real affairs. The «East» cosmodrome is drawn by a shock pace, the construction of a new heavy rocket «Angara» has been established, the construction of a domestic orbital station has emerged, close to the tests of the newest spacecraft «Eagle», a lunar program begins to develop its effect, announced the development of its own reusable spacecraft.

All this is good, the main thing is the result that we look forward to this decade. The main one who needs to be equal in the opinion of the people is China. Looking at the pace of realization of his space program — the simple human despondency and the question: «Really, we cannot develop our cosmonautics with the same shock pace.»

But, for today, let me remind you that it was already in the history of our country. The Soviet Union is only 40-60 years ago, the same rapid pace made a lot of discoveries in space, put global records and sent a huge number of devices to the Space Body of the Solar System.

These records include: sending the first satellite into the orbit of the Earth in 1957, sending the first cosmonaut into space in 1961. The first person who visited in space was Yuri Gagarin. Alexey Leonov became the first cosmonaut. In addition, our cosmonautics are not lagging behind in the study of the Moon. Of course, we could not send people there. But, our automatic stations worked well.

The devices of the «Moon» series were the first in the world to make the fleet of the moon and photographing the reverse side of the natural satellite of the Earth. In addition, the station «Luna-16», managed to automatically deliver samples of lunar regolith from the surface of the moon, thanks to the automatic returned device. It was the first in the history of the delivery of breed samples from another space body. You can not yet forget about two Soviet lunas — with the first automatic planets in the world.

Separately, it should be noted the study by the Soviet automatic devices of the Venus planet, which is not in vain called the «Russian Planet». The main discoveries and the only ones in the history of the automatic apparatus on the surface of Venus, followed by photographing and analysis of what is happening on the surface — are made by our scientists, thanks to the series of venera. In general, in principle, the devices of the Venus series — became the first in the history of the devices created by the hands of a person and reached an extraterrestrial surface. It happened in 1970.

The devices «Mars-2» and «Mars-3» — became the first devices that were delivered to the surface of the Red Planet. One apparatus crashed, the second sent some data to the ground, but after 20 seconds — his work was interrupted by dusty storms. But then there were descent modules. The devices remaining in the orbit of Mars continued mapping Mars and left a noticeable contribution to science in this area of activity. It happened in 1971.

The Soviet Union was the first and construction of the first orbital stations. Such was the Station «Salyut-1», launched in 1971. In total, 7 «Salute» and «Space-557» stations were launched. But on this, the Soviet Union did not stop and the first multi-modular space station was built. Her first module was delivered to orbit in 1986. In 2001, the station was flooded in the Pacific Ocean, according to the official version due to its development of its resource.

Separately, it should be noted the creation of a Soviet multi-water transport space system (MTCS) «Energy-Buran». It was a real Zenit of domestic cosmonautics, when the created ship was an order of magnitude better than his prototype — American Space Shuttle. A rocket «energy» was a rocket that could perform all sorts of tasks. This is the delivery of the modules of the new orbital station. The delivery of the modules of the spacecraft intended for the flight to the moon, Venus or Mars, the assembly of which would be carried out in the orbit of the Earth, which would have the cost of its cost. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the point in this project and hardly such a project needs the future of astronautics in principle.

And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.