What and for what was launched into space at the first start of the super heavy rocket «Energy»


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1980s. There were one of the most fruitful in the history of domestic cosmonautics. After all, indeed, in the walls of the Soviet Design Bureau of that time, work was boiling, and the leadership of our country was given to many projects in the «Green Light». Therefore, the end of the 1980s and 1990s. — should have become triumphal for Soviet cosmonautics, speaking easier for our domestic cosmonautics.

Especially, the sign of the year was 1987. All because on May 15, 1987, the «Energy» launch vehicle started from the Baikonur cosmodrome. It was not just a rocket, she treated the ultrahaous class. This means that the real prospects for more active development of low near-earth orbits, the construction of heavy and large orbital stations, and looked, and the first flight to the moon of Soviet cosmonauts.

Of course, the space-flight version of the Rocket «Energy» was launched into space, but nevertheless, it does not diminish its qualities and practical significance. Moreover, it was the first rocket test flight and it was necessary to make sure that the real ability of this rocket on the flight, equipped with a superheavy payload. By the way, the carrier rocket is the superheavy class «Energy», was created within the framework of the grand Soviet project of a multi-sized transport space system (MTCS) «Energy» — «Buran».

It was our peculiar answer to the American SPACE SHUTTLE system. But unlike the American counterpart, our ship «Buran» launched the «energy» carrier rocket, which could take with them the useful load and under the fairing, at the same time, with the enshrined «Buran». That is, after «Buran,» was displayed a rocket at the estimated orbit, he disconnected from it and could already maneuver in outer space. At this point, the energy missile «Energy» could continue to fly with another payload attached under the fairing.

But today’s question is in the other. At that very first flight of this legendary rocket, a payload was launched into space. But many may not know that it really has been launched for the beneficial load. Initially, by the time of the readiness of the rocket in 1985, the launch was scheduled, directly, the Runet’s orbital ship «Buran» itself. But in July 1985 it became clear that the ship was not ready for launch. Therefore, it was decided to send another spacecraft to space, called Pole.

In his idea, it was just a harmless dimensional weight layout (GMM). Speaking easier, it was a simple empty dwarf. His launch was scheduled for autumn 1986. But here, an order came from the Ministry of General Engineering that the device will be launched into space, which will hold geophysical experiments in the near-height space from 120 to 280 km, and at the same time, the «Energy» carrier missile itself will be tested for its ability to withdraw 100 — Typical payload for low near-earth orbit. Naturally, the ministry specified above, such a device was already. It remained to bring it to mind.

Simply put, you understand that the ready-made drawings of other previously created previously or located at the product creation are used: there are different appliances, equipment, compartments, mechanisms and nodes that have already been tested earlier. It is logical, because to make the desired product «from scratch» — it is necessary much more time than the one-to-one-and-a-year allocated by the Ministry. So by the spring of 1987, most of the work was completed and already on May 15 of the same year on the «Energy» rocket as a beneficial load on the near-earth orbit, the Experimental apparatus «Skif-DM» was launched, which was called as «Pole «.

And now, more on the beneficial load of the first flight «Energy». In general, the Skif-DM was raised into space, which was actually a dynamic layout of the orbital platform or SKIF station, working on which in the Soviet Union was complete since the late 1970s. The fact is that this platform was not simple and pursued defense goals, was in the field of interests of the military. In general, Scythian is a project of a combat laser orbital platform. Its mass was more than 80 tons, so it was well suited as the very «empty blank» for the experimental launch of «Energy».

The main goal of Skif was the destruction of intercontinental ballistic missiles and the satellites of the conditional opponent. In general, the toy is not comic, but quite real and very dangerous. In this launch, which was held on May 15, 1987 — other goals were pursued. A few experiments were held, which was held, even despite the fact that the device was not led to the estimated orbit and fell into the Pacific Ocean, due to some problems that did not allow him to reach the estimated orbit. Nevertheless, as mentioned above, most of the planned experiments were successfully conducted while the device was moving along the ballistic trajectory over the ground.

The most interesting and, at first glance, the experiments associated with the generation of artificial internal gravitational waves in the earth’s ionosphere were incomprehensible to us, as well as the creation of large-scale ionics in the Earth’s atmosphere. But it becomes clear that these are weapons on new physical principles, which there is no special information today. Yes, and there are no special guarantees that work in this direction is not conducted in our country and so on. If it is so that our country is reliably protected from any enemies.

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