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The theme of the Saving «General Frost» is a very favorite topic for Russia’s Mountains from Europe. They complained about it at different times, the Germans, then the French, the Swedes, then the Poles. So, according to them, it was at the last moment, the mystical «general frost» appeared and helped Russia and the Russian people in victory over them — the enemies of Russia. But for some reason, in fact, the enemies beat, it is Russian weapons and a Russian morale. Very strange. Well, I agree with them and imagine that the saving «general frost», and really existed. But what did foreign conquerors of Russia mean here? That’s right, they meant our usual, Russian winter, with her beloved frosts and snow-white snowdrifts for us. Agree that without our Russian winter, we are in Russian residents, it is simply difficult to submit our lives. After all, in fact, the infinite summer will be so oppressed and can cause apathy when constantly either, the sun bake, or is a pouring summer rain. But, the change of seasons — on the contrary, makes life more painful, and more interesting, and our Russian people himself — the Russian winter makes stronger and more resistant to adversities. Is it none?
So we want to know today? And we want to find out what kind of winter was in Russia in decisive for her, the war years. It was those years for which our enemies complained most. This is 1812 and 1941. You know that in 1812, the French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte with his invincible army invaded Russia, and, in the same year he suffered a crushing defeat. Moscow passed the enemy, but Napoleon lost his army completely, and himself believed his feet from Russia with his nearest army surroundings. In 1941, Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union and, in the fall of 1941, more than the millionth German army approached the approaches of our capital — the city of Moscow. But the same winter, the Red Army drove the enemy from Moscow so that they simply disassemble their weapons in positions, and many Nazis were captured. So, let’s find out what Russian winter was in those years. So if the frosts were so strong that the poor Europeans later were literally, still crying about this.
Of course, we will take the temperature in the middle lane of Russia, where Russian cities are located as Moscow, Smolensk and their surroundings. That is, those lands that have passed the most active fighting at a given period of time. It is already south, in Crimea or Kuban — winter temperatures, for obvious reasons — is much higher and there are, including the advantages. And at a time when at the same time, in the middle lane — the temperature of the whole winter, on average, below minus 20 degrees Celsius.
So, for a start, let’s talk about 1812. The first frosts struck at about late October. At that moment the French were in Smolensk. But, the most interesting thing is that winter in 1812 came much later than it happens. The temperature in mid-November was changed and was from minus 3 degrees Celsius to minus 8 Celsius. Not to say that it is very cold. In addition, the thaw in the second half of November was noted. Real frosts below minus 20 degrees Celsius hit only at the very end of November after the battle on Berezine. And that, if you feel honestly, the temperature is lower than a minus 20 degrees — also not critical for us. Here, at least minus 30 is already our.
Now, let’s remember, for the brave German warriors, the winter of 1941, when they, indeed, the face of the German command, promised a «easy» walk in Russia and a quick victory over «Ivanov». If you believe the German General Guderian, then everything was bad, winter came early, and the poor Germans would not know that there were frosty winters in Russia — it was not cooked trite to her. It turns out that they overestimated their strength. Funny, really. But we are serious, and if you rely on real data, for example, a chart of temperatures near Moscow in 1941, it is clear that all November the temperature stably kept ranging from minus 5, to minus 10 degrees Celsius. The temperature dropped sharply, only in December and was already within a minus 25-30 degrees Celsius. It was also colder, below minus 40 degrees Celsius. Well, in general, winter 1941, 1942 and 1943. were very cold and frosty.
And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.
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