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In the world so established that the cosmic powers are considered to be Russia and the United States. The way it is. Each of these countries occupies its leading niche in certain space sectors. But recently, China began to declare the world about his place on the pedestal of cosmic powers. This country conducted a number of successful and breakthrough missions of automatic stations on the moon and now, at the stage of conquering Mars. You can count here and the European Space Agency. But Eka is such an education, which is difficult to bind it to some of the countries of the European Union, except for France, which has a huge contribution to this organization. But, there is another country about which forget — about Japan. This country, indeed, made huge steps in the cosmic sphere. But they somehow do not notice, it is also no big achievement.
Of course, the stereotype of Japan, as an advanced country in the technological plan, reinforces its achievements in the space sphere. Today I would like, briefly, to reveal the main achievements of this country in this area. In general, for the first time Japan launched the spacecraft on February 11, 1970. Then the device «Osumi» was replaced in orbit. But before that, the first four attempts to launch the rocket were unsuccessful. Then the Lambda-4S-5 launch vehicle was used, the launch was made from the Utinur cosmodrome. On «Osum» technologically complex equipment and measuring instruments were installed. And yes, the Japanese overtook China just for several months.
In 2003, the reform of Japan’s space sphere was held and the Japanese Agency of Aerospace Research (JAXA) was created. The agency began to receive huge funds from the state treasury, which allowed him to make a bet on promising projects. By the way, Japan, at the moment, refused his own manned ships, deciding to cooperate with those countries that already have manned ships. The Japanese flew, including, and on the Russian Soyuz Ship. In addition, Japan included from the ends of the 1990s. In the program of creating an international space station. At the station, they have their own scientific module — the scientific laboratory «Kibo».
Japan has its own cargo ships of the H-II «Cooner», which fly to the ISS once a year and deliver all sorts of equipment, oxygen and water for the station. The name of the ship is translated from Japanese as a «white stork». In space, it can take with him 6 tons of payload. This is more than our «progress» and freight Crew Dragon. That is, the contribution of Japan to ensure the ISS is invaluable. Also, the H-III cargo ship is being developed with greater lifting capacity. In the 1980s, Japan studied with the help of its automatic stations of Comet Gallei. And so, for Japan, the image of the country, which studies comets and asteroids. In the early 2000s, Japan began to make a mission to deliver the soil from the Iokava asteroid. This program was called «Hayabus», translated as «Sapsan». In December last year, Japan successfully completed the mission «Hayabus-2», having delivered a soil with an asteroid roof. In 1990, an automatic probe was sent towards the moon to study it.
But the most ambitious plan of the Japanese Aerospace Research Agency (JAXA) is a plan for the construction of a hydrogen fuel plant for 2035, but right on the moon. It is not clear how they were going to build it there, but knowing the Japanese — it can be understood that they would do it … most likely. But without a manned program will be difficult to implement. They are torn to build everything in the same place, like everything — in the area of the Southern Pole of the Moon.
And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.
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