Russian «Hubble».

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Russian cosmos, as many people have long been underestimated for a long time. He is already talking about it last time. In addition, he has long become the hero of «folk» and foreign memes. But is it really? Whether it’s ended with space in Russia, and everything that is — already the Soviet «old», which «breathes» by putting out and will soon fall apart, finally buried under him more than the half-century history of domestic cosmonautics, which became a pioneer in many, if not in The overwhelming majority of cosmic records, studies and discoveries. Yes, and what to hide, a lot in our country was born outstanding scientists, designers and cosmonauts, ranging from Lomonosov and Tsiolkovsky, and ending with Queen and Gagarin.

The launch of the Russian orbital Observatory called «Spectr-RG» took place quite recently: July 13, 2019 with the Baikonur cosmodrome. The device was removed by the Russian heavy launch vehicle «Proton-M» with an overclocking unit «DM-03». Everything went successfully and the device now steadily works without failures. But the story from the moment of the development of his concept and its real launch — turned out to be very long. Thought in our country about the need for an orbital astrophysical observatory back in 1987. At that time, there was also a Soviet Union and our project, except Soviet scientists, scientists from GDR, Great Britain, Finland, Denmark and Italy were also connected. Then, already in 1988, the design of the telescope itself was instructed by the S. A. Lavochkin scientific and manufacturing association. Development was coordinated by the Institute of Space Research by the USSR Academy of Sciences.

According to the plan of developers in the composition of the observatory, an X-ray telescope had to be. But the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the further challenge of funding and the collapse of the production cooperation — the project postponed for a long time. But the development, however, continued, although at that time the focus of the Russian space sector put on the Mars-96 project. With the beginning of the 2000s. After coming to power V.V. Putin The Russian industry began to recover, and many sectors began to receive long-awaited funding from the state. Of course, projects, sometimes developed and are developed for years, for which there was a hard criticism from all sides, however, the work continued and continues. So under such a press pressure from the media, Russia has anyway, Russia managed to create a spectrum-RG telescope, and a telescope, far from simple. But, you can not forget about the partners in the development. After a long downtime, most partners ran away. Only Germany remained, the truth is already united, but not the essence. True, the Germans joined later, in 2009. The agreement subscribed at the very top between the Federal Space Agency and the German Aerospace Center (DLR).

According to the characteristics of the apparatus «Spectr-RG», the following:

The observatory itself consists of two X-ray mirror telescopes: the Russian ART-XC telescope and the German X-ray telescope Erosita, the basic module of service systems, the basis that is a multi-purpose service module «Navigator», as well as a complex of scientific equipment and various kinds of adapters. Both telescope, in their own way, are unique. But Russian, for example, even better than the NASA Candra telescope. True, the American telescope has the greatest angular resolution among all similar telescopes, but the Russian ART-XC begins to work up to 30 kiloelectromolt. Also in the ART-XC is the greatest sensitivity, and as many as seven mirror modules. There is something to be proud of. The device is controlled from the ground through commands 24 hours a day.

The «Spectr-RG» apparatus is not launched on an near-earth or geostationary orbit, and on a halo-orbit around the outer point of Lagrange at a distance of 1.5 million km from the ground. The period of its appeal around this point is half a year. The mission itself of this apparatus is that the most detailed «card» of the Universe at the moment, but in the X-ray spectrum. They are planned to capture active galaxies and large clusters of galaxies. The device will help to open new, previously unknown stars, galaxies and black holes. The apparatus itself and the Russian telescope, no matter how opponents say, are the achievement of Russian science and technology and, good help both in the development of domestic astrophysics and instrument making. Because in addition to the telescope itself, various systems and optics for a telescope were created.

Although the Germans took an active part in the project, nevertheless, the Russian side also has invested both intellectual and material resources and time. Yes, although the project has Soviet roots, however, it is impossible to discard the fact that in modern Russia it was invested at no less, and maybe even more labor. This indicates one that Russian science and technology — do not stand still, but develop. Therefore, you need, in general, stop admiring American and other developments and achievements. It is only necessary to state the accomplished fact, but one must remember one thing that there are potential opponents in their face, so it is necessary to develop their technological independence than now and are engaged in modern Russia. But in the current information chaos, some of our society — cannot understand this, so everyone used to consider Russia — sideways and only remember her victory in the past, without realizing that her victories are waiting for us in the future.

And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.

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