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Venus — the planet of the earth group, but it is not at all so hospitable as our land. Nevertheless, the title of «Russian Planet» was entrenched behind this planet. Isn’t that? Completely, this is «our» planet, if you can express it. After all, only the Soviet Union sent a huge number of automatic stations to this planet, including those who were able to carry out a soft landing and work on its surface for a while. In general, initially it was believed that Venus planet-twin land, because the physical parameters of two planets are similar. But later, since the beginning of the 20th century, they began to think that there were prehistoric animals living on Earth on the planet. In the USSR, whole artistic scientific and popular stories and stories were published about how Soviet people conquer the planet Venus. But after the first flights — all the guesses about her were crashed. The planet turned out to be perfect not prigible for the lives of people and other famous forms of life.
In general, the Soviet Space Program for the study of Venus was so successful that our country was within 19 years from 1964 to 1983. I managed to send 16 automatic interplanetary stations to it. By the way, even the first unsuccessful mission «Venus-1», which was interrupted as a result of overclocking the apparatus to Venus, and that turned out to be partially successful. The device reached Venus in 1964 and in unmanaged mode was shielded to Venus. In 1984, Vega-1 and Vega-2 devices were sent to Venus. Especially successful missions to Venus were «Venus-13» and «Venus-14». Both devices successfully sat on the surface of the planet and worked there enough time to collect a large layer of information about the planet and take pictures of the landscape from the surface of Venus. The Venen-13 landing station has worked on the surface of the hot planet as many as 2 hours 7 minutes. «Venus-14» is less than 57 minutes 32 seconds. And this under the conditions that the temperature of the Venus is 475 degrees Celsius, and the atmospheric pressure is 95 atmospheres. The devices analyzed the composition of the soil, the surrounding air analysis, found out the composition of the Venusian clouds.
Well, now, about interesting. Russia returns to the «Russian Planet». Most recently, the world learned that in 2029 the Russian automatic interplanetary station starts in Venus. In general, in Venus, Russia is planned to send as many as 3 missions. The second will be sent in the summer of 2031, the third — in 2034. And now, let’s tell about the Russian station «Vena-D». The platform of the venera-d apparatus will carry two apparatus with itself: orbital and landing. The device will make such strength so that it can work on the surface for about 3 hours. The boarding device will take all sorts of scientific appliances: to study the samples of the soil, the atmosphere and their analysis, with the subsequent sending of data to the Earth. The orbital apparatus, according to scientists, will work in the orbit of Venus 3 years, maybe more, of course. Thanks to spectrometers, it will explore the atmosphere of Venus, as well as the effect of solar wind on the atmosphere of Venus. Withdraw the Angara-A5 cosmodrome from the East cosmodrome.
And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.
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