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We all know that another 30 years ago, our country was much more, and its composition included another 14 other Soviet republics. And the country itself was called the Soviet Union. So, since the time of the Russian Empire, Russia included huge territories of Central Asia. In view of the natural features, this region is deserted and the main life stems in areas where large rivers flow and the channels are laid.
In Soviet times from the 1960s. One major crops grown in this region has become cotton. The cultivation of this culture requires a large amount of water, and with it in these places the problem. Not many rivers, and the climate does not please a lot of precipitation. Therefore, in Soviet times in 1960-1970. There was an unprecedented project on the transfer of part of the flow of Siberian rivers in Central Asia and compounds with the Aral Sea.
At that time, the annulation of the Aral and Caspian Seas began. In view of this, to save the Caspian Sea, they wanted to transfer the estates of the northern rivers of the European part of Russia. But, fortunately in the 1970s. Caspian again began to rapidly replete with water. It became clear that nature itself can adjust the water level in the Caspian Sea. Other fate awaited the Aral Sea, which in modern times there is actually no. And the fact that it remains in the end — it is impossible to call the sea, in principle.
The fate of Aral could only change the change in the runoff of the Siberia rivers or the banal cessation of the cultivation of cotton on the territory of Central Asia to return the stock of the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers back into the rivers themselves, and not to the irrigation canals. But decided to follow the first way. To save the Aral Sea, it was planned to build a water canal, the length of which would be 2.5 thousand kilometers. Projects assumed both the implementation of only the transfer of part of the river flow, as well as the runoff of the Ob and Yenisei together to the regions of Central Asia. But in view of the relief, moving to the south of the river water of Siberian rivers I would have to climb up. Therefore, for this, it was assumed to build pumping stations.
Naturally, this would lead to a global catastrophe, especially in Russia. The end of this insane plan was putting a restructuring when on August 14, 1986, the Central Committee of the CPSU adopted a decree, in which work on the transfer of part of the drain of the Northern and Siberian rivers to the regions of Central Asia. It is clear that the Aral Sea would not save, and the world environmental system would be destroyed unequivocally. Siberian is certain.
Moreover, even then, the environmentalists began to understand that the construction of such a channel will destroy the traditional ways of migrating wild animals, and this is a serious call. In addition, the weather of the northern part of Siberia would have changed, namely towards more severe. The reason for this is the fact that the Siberian rivers, due to the fact that they flow north — carry heat to the northern part of Asia. In addition, due to the evaporation of water in the canal, in Central Asia, it would have arrived hardly saline. And this is not what they wanted initially.
Already, after decades, it becomes clear that this project is real insanity and its embodiment, firstly, would cause a global catastrophe, and secondly, the project was financially unrealistic and could simply go bankrupt the Soviet Union so that no cotton was no longer Could option economy. Hopefully, in the future, no one will make up the construction of such an insane facility.
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