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Everyone is known in the world that Russia is a cosmic superpower. In order not to say our opponents and «all-side trafficking» inside the country, however, Russia remains. Moreover, its cosmic sphere does not stand still, but develops. Just some of her citizens do not «look there.» Of course, maybe Americans and the Chinese are more pathetic launch their missions, we are in a quiet, without a big publicity and piano. Perhaps you need to work on the image side, but this is only an opinion. And so, the rockets are launched, the program is executed.
For example, the moon has now become a real field for the «show, who is cooler.» They plan to plant a person already three countries. It is easy to guess what: Russia, USA and China. Each of these countries is at different stages of their missions. All closer to the United States. But they also have the program «Artemis», which I wrote earlier, stalled, namely because of the superheavy SLS rocket. Therefore, Russia has chances to be consistent with the United States in this area. Well, in the continuation of the topic of mastering and studying the Moon, I remind you that this year, in October, the newest Russian apparatus «Luna-25» starts to the moon. Of course, it is not so new, since the program itself is not one and not ten years. But, the fact that it is funded and made of great work — pleases.
In general, «Luna-25» will be the first domestic automatic station, which will fall on the surface of the moon since 1976. It was in that year that the Luna-24 station was last launched on the moon. And here, you might think that Russia will simply fuck millions of rubles to nowhere, because the Moon So studied by us earlier and is studied by other countries. And it’s easier to take scientific data from other countries. But no, everything is much more difficult. In fact, «Moon-25» are completely different tasks. More breakthrough and more necessary for a longer-term study and mastering the moon. In general, his mission is not scientific. Thanks to this apparatus, technology will be tested by a soft landing in the area of the southern pole of the Earth. The fact is that due to the characteristics of the laws of orbital mechanics, the South Pole of the Moon is constantly turned to Earth. In addition, the technology of a soft landing was developed precisely by Russian scientists, and no longer Soviet, as it would seem. Well, plus, in addition, the device will examine the properties of the lunar regolith in this indoor region.
Actually, work on the development and development of the program «Moon-Glob», namely the so-called, including «Luna-24» — began in the distance in 2005. But in 2011, the «Phobos-Grunt» station, launched to Mars’s natural satellite ended in failure. After this accident, the scientific program of Roskosmos decided to revise at the root, since the Space Agency «Luna-Glob» was developed on the basis of the Fobos Groints Apparatus platform. Simple words, the device for the mission «Luna-25» was developed from scratch, including a soft landing system. But this system will be tested not just like that. The fact is that the Russian lunar program provides for sending the first people to the moon in 2029-2030 and the state is currently not going to transfer and adjust the timing. So all the deadlines are already undergoing and remains only 8 years old. Therefore, if the system of jet landing of the automatic station will show their effectiveness, then at its base will create a descent unit for the moon. Since the Russian Spacecraft «Eagle», which this year will begin to test the parachute and jet planting system, although it will deliver astronauts into the orbit of the moon, are not intended for descent to the lunar surface.
Of course, the designers did not strongly change the appearance of the apparatus itself, since it is for nothing. But, he received the newest systems, the newest on-board computer. It is known that the launch is scheduled for October 1, 2021. There is just in case the backup date — October 30, 2021. The flight itself to the moon itself, with a successful launch of the carrier missile and successful operation of the acceleration unit will take from four to five days. After, the device will stay on the arrogant orbit for another five days. At this point, systems and communication with the apparatus will be tested and some scientific measurements and photographing the moon itself and its surface will be made. Then, the descent of the apparatus will be followed on the surface of the natural satellite of the Earth. Total landing on the moon will take place, or on October 10, or on November 9. What is very important and necessary for Russia itself, its image and for Russian science, in general.
As you know, there is both day and night on the moon, which is 14.5 days each. So, during the lunar day, the descent apparatus «Luna-25» will conduct an extensive scientific program. This is a photographing of the surface of the moon and, carrying out scientific experiments on the lunar regolith, which the device will be removed using the hand manipulator. Lunny night, the device will switch to standby mode. All equipment will be disconnected, except for real-time clock and block, which will keep in touch with the Earth. So that the device does not freeze, heat for it will be supplied from the radioisotope generator installed on the bot. Real-time clock installed on the machine is needed to automatically at sunrise onboard power included. Estimated service life — one year.
Here, as you understand, the importance of this mission is the largest, most difficult and most necessary, since the entire moon program of Russia depends on it.
And today everything. Thank you for reading to the end. We are waiting for your reading of our new articles.
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