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Aviation transport over the past 50-60 years has become so familiar to us that without it it is impossible to present our lives. He makes us most hundreds of times than it was even a hundred years ago. Now, from one part of the world to another one can fly, literally, in a matter of hours. Previously, this went to this long months of swimming on the ship on the ocean. And now we will present our planet — the land from. If you look at the globe, you will see that it has a ball shape, which means that those flat cards you have seen from school — do not correspond to the reality from the word at all.
That is, if you submit a flight by plane from Europe to Asia, let’s say from London to Tokyo, on a regular flat map, it will run over the territory of the South Siberia or Central Asia. But it is not. In fact, the optimal route will be over the territory of the Northern part of Scandinavia and Siberia. Although it would seem why. And all because of the ball shape of the Earth. Although, in our time, most of the routes from Europe to Asia are held over the territory of Russia, but the question arises how airways from Europe in Asia passed during the USSR.
And everything is simple. In the time of the USSR, Foreign Aviation flights over the USSR, including civilians, were simply prohibited. Therefore, foreign airlines were looking for workarounds to fly out by our country. Let’s say that in the middle of the 20th century to get from Western Europe to Japan on a modern road for the standards of the Komet aircraft — had to fly a year and a half and make 8 stops to fill the plane. The cheapest flight lasted up to four days with fitting at refueling. A very long time. The output was a flight over the territory of the USSR.
The Soviet Union did not give permissions for flights, so a new route appeared with the development of technologies — over the territory of the Arctic. Very unexpected. At first, the Swedish airline SAS flew to the US through the North Pole. Then, in general began to fly to Asia with a transplant one — on Alaska in Anchorage. The advantages were huge, not enough that they saved fuel, and the flight time decreased by 2 times and amounted to about 17.5 hours.
Since the 1960s Anchorage from a small town turned into a huge city, which was a link in Europe, Asia and America. This is all the city and rich (not counting the huge reserves of oil on the most Alaska). The world’s largest airlines chose this particular route. The city became the meeting place of different peoples and the mass facilities of huge airliners.
But over time, larger airliners were developed, which could carry out non-cash air travel directly, without making a forced landing on Alaska. Then, at all, the Soviet Union collapsed and the flights over the territory of Russia, foreign airlines were allowed. From this point on, the time of flights from Europe to Asia began to be not more than 9 hours, as their flight took place over the territory of Siberia.
It is sad that in 1982, a modern huge terminal was built at Anchorage Airport, which can take tens of aircraft per day. But since the Russian sky was discovered for flights, this terminal accepts not the number of flights that was scheduled initially. But that’s not all.
If the city of Anchorage from the opening of the Russian sky lost and lost a huge article in his budget, then Russia, on the contrary, won. The fact is that our country has not signed the Convention on the Unhindered Use of Airspace of any country, which is a member of this convention by airplanes that transport passengers.
In general, the airspace of the participating countries becomes free if the plane flies without landing on its territory. Here is such generosity. But since our country has not signed the Convention, for each span of aircraft over the territory of Russia, foreign airline pays approximately our country about $ 100 for each ticket sold. Here’s a separate article of our budget that brings us huge money.
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